Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Winston Churchill Defeat 1922



Never forget Winstin Churchill the man who was responsible for the massacre at Gallopili in WW1, Supporter of the unjustifiable Boer War, fought with the Spanish forces fighting Cuban Independence movement, Sending Troops against the Miners in Tonypandy, Supporter for the White Russians in 1917, Sydney Street Massacre, opposed Indian Independence, Support for Franco during the Spanish Civil War, Supported fascists to regain power in Greece after WW2, Supporter of the British Empire.

Saturday, December 08, 2012

Early Socialist Slide

Early socialist slide - 

Liberty, Progress and Socialism slaying Capitalism.

Looks like Social Democratic Federation ? early 1900's ?

Labour Party Fiftieth Anniversary Certificate - 1950



"The foundation of a true Socialist Society must be laid in the hearts & minds of men and women. Socialists will be judged not by what they say, but what they are"
Clem Attlee

"The secret of our success has been our ability to unite men of diverse gifts, giving to each an outlet for his special talents..... the Socialist Movement is not for a day, but for all time"
Kier Hardie

WI Sharp Shooters - WW2

WI or Women's Co-operative Guild in WW2

ok maybe not but still another rare picture of British women in  WW2 with guns

or maybe a future solution to the equal pay question

NOTE
In December 1941, a more organised but still unofficial Women's Home Defence (WHD) was formed under the direction of Dr Edith Summerskill, Labour MP for Fulham West. WHD members were taught weapons training and basic military training. 

Tuesday, December 04, 2012

The National Amalgamated Union of Labour 1888-1924


GENERAL UNIONS COME TO HAYES
"Not his masters voice, but the workers voice"

THE NATIONAL AMALGAMATED UNION OF LABOUR (NAUL)

The first "general" trade union to begin union organisation in the new factories of Botwell, Hayes, West London at the beginning of the twentieth century was the National Amalgamated Union of Labour (NAUL).

The Hayes branch of the National Amalgamated Union of Labour was established in September 1911 with a subscription rate of 4d per month, meeting every Friday evening at the Old Crown, Hayes. Middlesex.
Mr T.E. Smith of Gravesend was the National Amalgamated Union of Labour organiser, who began the union drive in the Hayes factory recalled that when he first came to Hayes he had found that the workers “had held aloof from the trade union for fear of being victimised”.



Smith himself had been active in NAUL recruitment on the Clyde in 1911 and was also working on the establishment of a Southall branch of the NAUL.

In September 1911 Joseph N Bell (later Labour MP for Newcastle) spoke to over hundred and fifty men in Clayton Road calling upon them to “combine against capitalism” and in January 1913 W. Watts at Clayton Road schoolstated “In Hayes the future had a bright outlook if only the workers will grasp the weapon within their reach (trade union organisation) there was no time for delay he went on 

"The meeting in Hayes had been called to show the workers of Hayes the value of organisation, and to give the reason why a living wage (30 shillings a week) cannot be obtained in Hayes without it"

" It was the workers duty and it could be done by them in Hayes,other places had already done it, and they were there that night to convince the hayes workers that they could do it by organsing themselves in a trade union.....In Hayes the future had a bright outlook, if only the workers would grasp the weopon within their reach, there was no time for delay"

T. E. Smith NAUL Organiser stated "there again, there was danger that the men of hayes would be replaced by females, who would work for less wages. But in large industrial centres, Lancashire especially, this could not happen as the workers were organised, and so their trade union stopped it....By joining the trade union they would improve their conditions, and at Hayes, it wanted improving. the whole responsibility rested with themselves"
The NAUL circulated a leaflet around the Hayes area advertising factory gate meetings, one in early 1913 stated

"The Value of Organisation" Come in crowds and hear the truth of why you do not get a living wage in Hayes, which is within the London County Council radius. Why remain outside and gamble ? Trust each other and join the union."

The local branch Secretary of the NAUL Mr W Watt stated
 "There is no reason why they should not call the local Gramophone factory, not his master voice but the workers voice"

An early test for the union was a strike at the Gramophone works, which erupted in June 1912, when over one hundred men struck. however the strike soon collapsed and non of the men on the original deputation to management got their jobs back.

Another strike took place in June 1913 in the press room at the Gramophone Company in Blythe Road after a wage cut of 3d per hour was imposed, The strike involving over one hundred men and picketing , collapsed when management threatened to sack the strikers, the leaders being dismissed and victimised, Mr T.E Smith of the NAUL heavily criticism those that returned to work. 

A poem during the strike printed to the local paper gives some insight into conditions faced by the factory workers at Gramophone

Oh dear, oh dear, this awful heat
It nearly suffocates us
If were compelled to stick it long
'twill simply spiflicate us
It didn't seem so 'badly' hot
When we full price, were getting,
But now they've knocked us three pence off
It really is upsetting
We only asked for more fresh air
That we might work the faster
'tis true we struck it several years
But now it's got our master
If they had granted us more air
When we like men applied
We shouldn't have had so much by far
As they've given as now "outside"
Of course it wasn't only air
Alone that we were asking
A few more "extra brads" was what
The "fresh air wheeze" was masking
Still were inclined to try again
Even if our pledge be broken
But we are just a bit afraid
"His master's voice has spoken".

In March 1916 J.A. Seddon MP spoke at a NAUL meeting in Hayes stating that he was "astonished to learn of the low wages some of the girls in the Hayes factories, but was glad to learn thanks to trade union action a number of special improvements had been secured"

The local National Amalgamated Union of Labour (NAUL) branch Secretary was Mr F.G. Lingard of 9 Neild Road, Hayes

In 1920 The Hayes Branch Secretary of the NAUL was J.C. Haydon of 9 Glebe Road, Hayes, Middlesex. The Hayes NAUL was meeting in 1920 on Fridays at 7:30 at Hayes Restaurant. 

Other local NAUL branches in 1920 included West Drayton - Mr W.A. Taylor of 1 Victoria Cottage, The Green West Drayton meeting at the Kings Head Hotel on alternative Saturdays 7pm. 

Brenford NAUL union Mr W. Johnson of 52 Great Road, Brentford meeting at the George the Fourth: and at Chiswick Mr E. Archer 140 Duke Road, Chiswick W4 meeting at the Windmill Hotel: At Hammersmith a Mr E. Foscali of 48 Claxton Grove, Hammersmith meeting at the City Arms.

The NAUL had 44 branches in its London  Thames & Medway District in 1920 (383 nationally) mainly in Kent (especially Northfleet, Gravesend, Dartford area) and East London. 

The National Amalgamated Union of Labour

The NAUL was established as the Tyneside & District Labourers Union in 1888, It quickly spread along the Tyne and North East waterfronts mopping up in its wake a number of small locally established societies of Scrappers, Painters, Red Leaders, Helpers and other shipyard labourers. By 1890 it boasted 80 branches with a listed membership of 30,937

William Unwin (Financial Secretary), William Stanley and Joseph N Bell (Corresponding Secretary) with A.T. Dipper (General & Organising Secretary) together with six District delegates, 

The union soon grew away from it's North East base, but their task was constantly thwarted by strikes and lock-outs, being forced in 1890 to spend 25.18% of income in strike benefits.

The NAUL were soon boasting District organisations in the Clyde, Belfast, Mersey, Sheffield, Thames and Medway together with their more traditional districts in the North East. 

By the time of the 21st Anniversary Celebrations in 1910, by far the largest of the Districts numerically was Sheffield (9,271 members). Even the combined strength of the three Districts of Newcastle (3,294), Gateshead (1,597), and Mid Tyne (3,080), on which the strength of the union had earlier been centred, could not surpass it. Only Mersey (7,419), London, Thames and Medway (7,874), and Shields & Wear (6,617) could attempt to rival it.

Unlike the rival "Workers Union" the NAUL was seen as "anti-full time official' , and the NAUL extensive shop steward network in the North East which was already secure considerable power, a situation which developed still further during WW1

The NAUL union had a considerable hold in the cement works along the banks of the Thames. In London some engineering workers were in the N.A.U.L. and it had a few members in the south-west in cement and one or two other industries

From 1917 the NAUL was in discussions with the Workers Union on possible merger, but a loser Federation was established, with a joint executive committee, this loose Federation was joined by the Municipal Employees Association in August 1918 and by 1919 the three union Federation became known as the National Amalgamated Workers Union.
However, the NAUL became convinced that the Workers Union was using superior numbers and its full time officers to dominate the Federation, this inflamed local disputes between two unions, this coupled with an economic depression and massive reduction in union members (which hit the Workers Union membership and influence most acutely) led to the Workers Union withdrawing from the Federation in March 1922.

National Amalgamated Union of Labour  Membership

1890 82 branches 30,237 members
1900 177                  21.111
1910 177                  16,017
1911 227                   44,972
1912 236                   49,972
1913 255                  60,003
1914 277                  55,453
1915 287                  70,430
1916 292                   85,836
1917 323                123,627
1918 351                143,931
1919 370                155,220
1920 383                 151,922

* note the huge rise in National Amalgamated Union of Labour membership in 1911, 1913, 1915, and almost doubled in 1917



The NAUL would in 1924 join the National Union of General Workers to form the General & Municipal Workers Union , now known as the GMB

NOTE
The National Federation of Women Workers branch secretary was Mrs Hollings of 21 Leonard Road, Southall

1920 National Amlagamated Union of Labour Secretaries in
London, Kent, Essex, Middlesex, Manchester and Ireland, 
Mr T.E. Smith National Union of Labour organiser for London, Thames, and Medway District . Smith lived at 183 Old Road, West Gravesend and later (1920) Hillersland, Lennox Road, Gravesend 

(information on Mr Smith most welcome)



T.E. Smith (JP) was a NAUL Official Delegate, London, Thames & Medway District
BRANCH SECRETARIES OF THE NATIONAL AMALGAMATED UNION OF LABOUR 1920

KENT
E. J. Phillips, 1 Telegraph Hill, Higham, nr Rochester, Kent

F. Maton, 3 Essex Terrace, Lower Higham, nr Rochester, Kent
H.P. Dean, 6 Samaritan Road, Northfleet, Kent
H. James, 4 Overeliffe, Greenhithe, Kent
J. Sharpe, 4 Nelson Street, Queens Place, Maidstone, Kent
E. Payne, 39 St Martin's Road, Dartford, Kent
A. Holland, 44 Wellington Street, Gravesend, Kent
W.W. May, 20 Portland Place, Bull Fields, Snodland, Kent
A. Randall, 31 Turner Street, Cliff at Hoe, Kent
C. Wood, 8 Smith Street, Strrod, Kent
W.J. Hubbard, 21 Scarboro Terrace, Burnham, Kent
A. A. Howard 14 Harolds Road, Sittingbourne, Kent
G. Fairman, 2 Hillside, Lower Halling, Kent
H. Sands, Burke House, Wouldham, Kent
S. Croucher, 4 Parkers Villas, Cuxton, Rochester, Kent
W. Wansbury, 45 High Croft, Swanley, Kent
J. Watson, Green Street green, Dartford, Kent
A. Hayman, 9 Pleasant Cottages, Westbourne Grove, Bexley heath Kent
A. Colyer, 3 Cray Cottages, St Mary Cray, Kent
H. A. Burden, 28 winchelsea buildings, Rotherhithe, Kent
I.G. Foreman, Leg lane, Birling, West Malling, kent
G.D. Evans, Battle Street, Cobham, Kent
A.J. barber, Over the Bridge, Eynsford, Kent
S. Blackburn 28 Milton Road, Rainham, Kent
Miss F.(Florence ???)  Coveney, 12 High Steet, Greenhithe, Kent

F.H. Paddock, 4 Briton Street, Southampton

T. Boatman, 10 Foxton Road, South Stifford, Grays, Essex
E. Baines, 49 London Road, Grays, Essex
C.Nunn, Ivy Cottage, Bowers Gifford, Pitsea, Essex
A. Palmer, Southend Road, Stanford le Hope, Essex
W. J. Low, 4 lennards Row, Aveley, Purfleet, Essex 


J. C. Haydon, 9 Globe Road, Hayes, Middlesex
W. A. Taylor, 1 Victoria Cottage, the Green West Drayton, Middlesex

E. Foscali, 48 Claxton Grove, Hammersmith
W.Johnson, 52 Great Road, Brentford, Middlesex
E. Archer, 140 Duke's Road, Chiswick W4

S. Daniel, 189 Eversleigh Road, Battersea, London
A. A. Humphrey, 157 St Leonard's, Poplar, London
A. Knights, 125 Long Lane, Bermondsey London
H. Smith, 48 Ireton Street Bow E3 London
J.T.. Clark, 10 Morris Road, Poplar E14
A.E. Duff, 8 Cook Street, Poplar E14
S.R. Brown, 116? , Barking Road, Plaistow
J. W. Marsh, 91 Glengall Road, Millwall, Poplar E14
B. Easterbrook, 37 Deptford Green, Deptford SE
J.W. Watson, 3 Park Place Poplar E14
H. Cornish, 273 Rotherhithe St Rotherhithe SE16
J. R. Henry, 67 Ordance Road, Canning Town E16
W. Clay, 87a Wakefield Street, East Ham

Wright 130 Ross Street, Cambridge
A. Marshall, Blackhill, Ely, Cambridgeshire 

J. W. Hobbs, Poplar Cottages, Toddington, Bedfordshire

Miss F. Coveney 12 High Steet, Greenhithe, Kent

IRELAND NAUL UNION BRANCH SECREATRIES 1920

J. Maxwell, 40 Paxton Street Belfast
J. Campbell, 5 Loftus Street Belfast
S. Underwood, 13 Walnut Street, Belfast
J. Long, 33 Beit Street, Belfast
R.A. Boyd, 188 Hillman Street Belfast
E. W. Findlay, 142 Templemore, Belfast
A. Hamilton, 19 Newington Avenue, Larne
J.H. Saunderson, Boragh, Portadown, Antrim
 J. Todd,  Lle-Ballyclare, Antrim
 D. Lynch, 79 North Street, Lurgan
W.J. Tweed, Main Street, Bushmills, co Antrim
G. McFadden 83 Causeway Street, Portrush, Antrim
J. McGrott, Dervock, Antrim
J. Stewart, Station Road, Antrim
 J. Mallon. Colane, Aghagallon, Lurgan, Ireland

J. Mc Clea, 17 Howard Street, Derry
M. McChrystal, 11 North Street Derry
J. Dooney, Bonemaine, Bridgend, Derry
A. McMaster, Kinney Glass, Macesquin, PO Derry

T. McNamee, Main Street, Convoy, Donegal
J. O. Gorman, Bunderan, Donegal
W. McIntyre, Ravencliffe, Melville, Donegal
J. Daveney, Newton Cunningham, Donegal


 P. Daveney, Sandville, Burndennet, Tyrone
J.J. Keily, 5 Kennedy Street Strabane, Tyrone
J. McCormick, Diumeagle, Sion Mills, Tyrone
l. Bradley, Glebe, Sion Mills, Tyrone
J. Jones, 2 Corportaion Street, Enniskillen

J. Doherty, Castlemellon, Dunnamana

NAUL MANCHESTER 1920

E. Kitson, 40 Poplar Street, Failsworth, Manchester
H.G. Blythe, 501 Fifth Street, Trafford Park, Manchester
J. Whittle, 2 Belgrave Street, Radcliffe, Manchester
W. Stubbs, 19 Lord Street, Heywood, Manchester
C. Schofield, 55 Kemp Street, Oldham Road, Manchester

Another women NAUL branch secretary in 1920 was
Miss B. Thompson, 51 City Bank, City Road, Newcastle


NAUL trade union meetings held in 1920 at

NAUL Rooms Dumbarton, Dalmuir
Labour Club Westgate
NAUL Kirkland Street, St Helens
NAUL Rooms, Kirkland Street, Lancashire
NAUL 24 Cloth Market Newcastle
NAUL Rooms, Mersey Street, Widnes
ILP Hall, Netherton St Anniesland
Labour Club, New Ferry, Cheshire
Labour Hall, Nelson Street, ConsettLabour Hall, Market Street, Greenock
Labour Rooms, Liverpool
ILP Rooms High Street Musselburgh
Labour Rooms Cavendish St
Labour Hall, Rosherville, Kent
SLP Halls CauseysideStreet, Paisley

Note Miss F. Coveney NAUL Branch secretary Kent possible 1901 census match

Florence Coveney
16 Cheriton Kent Kent Cheriton Genl Servant Domestic

The Welsh Tradition -1939


Friday, November 30, 2012

Origins of May Day - London May Day 1890, 1891 and 1892

Above Mayday 1891
Below May Day 1892


Origins of May Day

The first modern May Day was in 1890. At that time the main immediate aim of the Labour movement was to establish the legal eight-hour day. In 1889, delegates to the Paris foundation congress of the Second International decided to launch an international campaign for the eight-hour day:

" Congress decides to organise a great international demonstration, so that in all countries and all cities, on the appointed day, the toiling masses shall demand of the State authorities the legal reduction of the working day to eight hours." 

May Day was chosen as " the one appointed day " because already since 1886 the Amer-'can unions had organised strikes for the eight-hour day on that day.

Demand for Socialism
The next two congresses of the International strengthened and widened the May Day demonstration by adding to its objects improved working conditions, the preservation of peace between nations, and the achievement of the classless society. The 1893 Congress resolved :

" The demonstration on May the First for the Eight-Hour Day must serve at the same time as a demonstration of the determined will of the working class to destroy class distinctions through social change and thus to enter on the road, the only road, leading to peace for all peoples, to international peace."

The May Day demonstration became a symbol of the strength of the working-class forces and a rallying-point for working-class struggles in all countries.
The First May Day in Britain


In Britain at that time the unskilled were beginning to organise. The first May Day demonstration in Britain (May 4, 1890—the first ;Sunday in May) was a victory for the New Unionists and the pioneers of Socialism. 

The demonstration was organised by the Central Committse for the Eight Hours Legal Working Day Demonstration, created by Eleanor Marx and Edward Aveling.

The London Trades Council, at that time dominated by the " old unions ", was brought to participate by the efforts of Tom Mann, then delegate from Battersea Amalgamated Society of Engineers. The craft prejudices of its old leaders prevented the Council from demon strating for legal enforcement of the eight-hour day, but the support of the Council for the demonstration helped to bring half-a-million people to Hyde Park. 

Landmark in Working-class Organisation
On that May Day for the first time the dockers, till recently the despised outcasts, marched in their rough working clothes next to the aristocracy of labour, the " gentlemen comps " in kid gloves and top hats. British workers proclaimed their organisation as a class, skilled and unskilled united for an immediate demand; and despite the distrust of " wild " Continental Socialists felt by the old T.U.C. leaders, the masses demonstrated for international solidarity.
Engels wrote of this demonstration as "the grandest and most important part of the whole May Day festival" in Europe.

" On May 4, 1890, the English working class joined up in the great international army. . . . The grandchildren of the old Chartists are entering the line of battle. . . . What would I give if Marx had lived to see this awakening." (Article in Vienna Arbeiterzeitung, May 23, 1890.)

[For a vivid summary of this demonstration, see " Fifty Years of May Day ", by Dona Torr, Labour Monthly, May 1940.] 

May Days of Struggle in Britain

Some of the high points in the  history of May Day in Britain.

1918. Wednesday, May 1, Clydeside struck work, led by the Clyde Workers' Committee and William Gallacher, and 100,000 marched to Duke Street Prison, shouting " Release John Maclean " (revolutionary fighter against the imperialist war).

1921. Building trade unions held " national holiday " (one-day strike) on May Day in support of their demands. 

1926. At the greatest-ever May Day demonstration (three-quarters of a million out in London) it was announced that a General Strike had been decided on by the General Council of the T.U.C.
The Right-Wing Leaders and May Day

The right-wing in the Labour movement consistently tried to weaken the class demonstrations on May Day— e.g., to prevent them being held on a week-day, involv ing strike action; tried to split them (as in London since 1946) or opposed them entirely. In 1929 the Social-Democrat police chief in Berlin, Zorgiebel, banned the May Day demonstrations and workers who took partwere shot down. 

The Ban on May Day in London, 1949

Twenty years later the Labour Government bans the May Day demonstration of the London trade unions, which has been held continuously for nearly sixty years.
The excuse was that the Fascist attempt to march through Hackney and Tottenham on March 20, with the protect on of 400 police, had resulted in disorder. 

The Home Secretary immediately banned all " public processions of a political character " in London for three months.

Friday, November 23, 2012

Stalingrad November 1942

To guard the Fatherland
is a sacred duty of every
citizen of the USSR !


  Stalingrad
 
“For us there is no land beyond the Volga,”
Vasily Zaitsev

Hillsborough and The Miners Strike


The recent revelation that Police colluded to ensure the prosecution and jailing of miners during the 1984-85 miners strike, comes as no surprise to those active at the time.



The only surprise is that it has been revealed in our lifetime, a fact only due to the tireless efforts of the Hillsborough campaign for justice, which highlighted the establishments successful attempts to hide the truth of what really happened to 96 innocent Liverpool supporters killed at Hillsborough on 15th April 1989

Not only were the 96 football fans who died, defamed but the Tories and their establishment friends attempted to vilify the whole City of Liverpool, that rallied to support the families. 



The Hillsborough Inquiry, highlighted establishment collusion and police collusion at the highest levels and it soon became evident that the same tactics used to marginalise the Hillsborough families, had also been used extensively during the miners strike.

During the Miners  strike 11,291 people were arrested, of whom 8,392 were charged, we now know many of those charged were totally innocent.

COHSE activists at the time feared that the sequestration and imprisoning of miners was simply an attempt by the establishment to smash a democratic and free trade union in Britain.


COHSE had always had a strong bond of friendship towards the miners and a "debt of gratitude" had grown over many years, not least because the miners had often taken action in support of nurses and NHS staffs pay and they campaigner alongside us to defend hospitals from closure.


So it was that a "middle of the road" union like COHSE would play a critical role in ensuring, that to the surprise of Neil Kinnock and Labour Party apparatchiks a resolution at the October 1985  Labour Party conference was carried calling for a future Labour Government to investigate the jailing of miners and a full scale amnesty. 

The Labour Party leadership were sure of victory so it was to their great shock to find that the decisive vote in favour was cast by COHSE. 

To COHSE's great pride and the Labour Party leadership's shock.





Of course the Blair government did nothing about the Amnesty or for that matter Hillsborough, but the truth has finally begun to appear and those of us who stated that the jailing were a simply political act have been vindicated. 

Unfortunately many convicted and framed miners lost their pensions and employment, many died not knowing that their innocence would one day be revealed.

We salute those brave striking miners once again for their courage and fortitude against overwhelming forces.

NOTE:Hillingdon Miners Support Group raised over £12,000 pounds (about £50,000 today) during the 1984-85 miners strike.

Miners from Kent slept at the Hillingdon TUSU in the High Street, West Drayton. Special recognition should go to Mothers Pride Bakery workers, and the Bakers Union who organised a very effective 50p a week levy.

Hillsborough: The London Borough of Hillingdon made a donation of £10,000 to the Liverpool Mayors Hillsborough Appeal, one of the largest donations made to the appeal. Having have had at least one of it's young residents killed at Hillsborough, The Hillingdon Labour Group felt honour bound to move a resolution to make the donation, which secured the support of just one Liberal councillor (The others abstained), this was enough on the "Hung Council" to secure the donation was made. The Conservative Councillors to their utter shame opposed, referring to the anti Liverpool fans statements in the press.

Below: NUM Coal not Dole snowman, Hayes, Middlesex 1984










Wednesday, November 21, 2012

Hammersmith Clarion Cycling Club Estb 1895



Hammersmith Clarion cycling club take off
Clarion By Swiftsure
9th November 1895

A Clarion Cycling Club has been started in Hammersmith; meeting place Temperance Hall, Cambridge Road, Tuesdays 9 p.m. 

The secretary is
H. Cailay, 23, Fulham Palace Road, S.W. 
All unattached Clarionettes are invited to join.

Note:

Hammersmith Clarion Cyling club would be the first club in West London


Not sure about the spelling of H Cailay ???

Saturday, November 10, 2012

WW1 Hayes, Middlesex- Roll of Honour (Updated Nov 2012)


Hayes - Roll of Honour WW1 (UPDATED 2012)
HAYES & HARLINGTON - WW1 ROLL OF HONOUR

HAYES & HARLINGTON
(MIDDLESEX)

ROLL OF HONOUR

WORLD WAR ONE




Listed below are the brave men of Hayes, West Middlesex who gave their lives during World War 1.

Additional information is based upon an initial cross reference with the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

What we can say about these men, is that many were young, they had their lives ahead of them and they gave their lives for what they believed was a just War. Many gave their lives to defend what they believed was the "honour" of Belgium, others were caught up in the jingoism or peer pressure of the time. We can call it an "Imperialist War" a "Capitalist War", we can blame the folly of their leaders like Earl Haig and Winston Churchill (Galopilli).

But we must never forget they gave their lives for what they believed was an "honourable" and "just" cause, at least in 1914, many were young working class men and far from being caught up in the "jingoism" of the ruling class believed it right to fight for the liberation of Belgium.

This view was no doubt reinforced by the Belgium refugees who streamed into the munition factories of Hayes during the War.

HAYES WW1
ROLL OF HONOUR



E.J. Arnold (Not found)

S.P. Aird (Not Found)

H. Balls(Possible Match)
Herbert Frederick Balls, 20 Royal Fusiliers died 20/07/1916 ??????

F. Bamforth (possible match)
Francis Bamforth, 8th Bat Royal Fusilers died 07/07/1916 ??

R.Bates (CONFIRMED)
Prvate Richard Edward Oliver Bates of Son of Annie Bates"Ivydene," Hayes End, 11th battalion, Middlesex Regiment died 09/04/1917

S.C. Bennett (CONFIRMED)
Sidney Charlie Bennett Private 8987 Royal Fusilirrs 1st Battalion aged 20 killed 23/09/1915 buried New Irish Farm Cemetery. Son of William & Gertrude Bennett 11 Blyth Road, Hayes

D.C. Blyth (Possible Match)
Second lieutenant 28/08/1915 Royal Engineers 93rd Company, Dickenbusch cemetery, Ypres, Belgium

C. V. Bowgett (CONFIRMED)
Charles Victor Bowgett age33 Son of George and Fanny Eliza Bowgett; husband of Emily Bowgett, of 10, Rosedale Avenue, Hayes End, Hayes, Middx.
Rifleman 3rd Battalion Rifle Brigade died 20/10/1914

C.W Bray (CONFIRMED)
Charles Bray aged 36 Pioneer Field survey corps, buried Padumain Cemetery plot B:11 son of Charles and wife Mary Ann Bray 1 Letchworth Cottage, Hayes End, Middx

H. Calf (CONFIRMED)
William Henry Calf, Gunner 196th Siege Bty. Royal Garrison Artillery Son of Frederick and Kate Eugenie Calf, "Acacia", High Rd, Hayes ., died 05/04/1917 CEMETERYANZIN-ST. AUBIN BRITISH

R. Calf (CONFIRMED)
Robert Noel Calf, age 20 Private 13th Battalion, Royal FusilersSon of Frederick and Kate Eugenie Calf, Acacia", High Rd., cemetery Humercamps

C.Castle (CONFIRMED) Sergeant C. Castle age 27 Son of William G. and Sarah Castle, of 4, Railway Cottages, Hayes, Middlesex. Native of Iver, Bucks. 9th Bat Royal Fusiliers died 28/06/1918 Gezaincourt Cemetery

E.L Chambers (Possible Match)
Eric L Chambers Rifleman 301386 London Regiment, Rifle Brigade, 1st/5th Brigade,  Thiepval (almost certainly)

A. Charlesworth (CONFIRMED)
Thomas Samuel Charlesworth, aged, 21 Driver Royal Field Artillery, 146th Bde Ammunition Col. Killed 11/07/1915.Son of Thomas Joseph & Sarah Charlesworth, Hayes Middx

J Chinnery (CONFIRMED)
Private James Chinnery, 9th Bat Royal Fusiliers 21 years old Son of Mr. and Mrs. Chinnery, of 49, Rosedale Avenue, Hayes End, Middlesex. 04/04/1916

P.Chitty (Possible Match)
Percy Chitty, Lance Corporal Royal Medical Corps 12957, 12/10/1918 aged 24 Tooting. 
Or Harold Percy Chitty aged 29 Tank Corps A Battalion, Cambrai parents Claygate

J. Churchill (CONFIRMED) Private John Churchill aged 17 Son of Ena Elizabeth Churchill, of 39, Rosedale Avenue, Hayes, Middx 18/09/1916 Philosophe British, Mazingarbe.

R.E. Coleman (CONFIRMED)
Ralph Egerton Coleman aged 35 Private Essex Regiment 1st Battalion , son of Serjeant James Coleman (Connaught Rangers) of Attlebough, Norfolk. Husband of Harriet Elizabeth Coleman 25 Rosedale Avenue, Hayes, Middx – Helles memorial

J.Cooke (CONFIRMED)
Private John Gatwood Cook age 39 husband of Ellen Cook of 13 Austin Road, Hayes, Brother Colour Sergeant Cook. 13th Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, died 13th July 1917 at Baddow campa, Essex buried St Mary's Hayes.

H.Court (Possible match)
HARRY ROBERT COURT 12th Middlesex Reg Husband of Phoebe Rebecca Court, of 19, Montague Avenue, Hanwell, Middx. ????? 10/01/1917 ?????

W.Curtis (Not Found)
G. Druce (CONFIRMED)
Private George Druce, aged 18, Son of Mr. and Mrs. George Druce, of 5, Church Walk, Hayes, Middx.9th Battalion Royal Fusiliers,20/10/1915 Noeux-les-Mines cemetery


R. Egerton (CONFIRMED)
RALPH EGERTON1st Essex Regiment age 35 06/08/1915 Son of the late Serjt. James Coleman (Connaught Rangers) and Mrs. Coleman, of Attleborough, Norfolk; husband of Harriett Elizabeth Coleman, of 25, Rosedale Avenue, Hayes End, Middx. Helles memorial


T.D. Elderidge (Possible Match/CONFIRMED)

Thomas Eldrige Private Royal Fusiliers killed 06/04/1918 Verness son of Edward and Rachael Eldridge. Sipson, Middx (almost certainly)

W.J. Emmett (CONFIRMED)
Private W. J. Emmett age 18 Son of Charles J. and Emma Emmett, of Hayes, Middx. 2nd Battalion London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) died 01/07/1918 CONTAY BRITISH CEMETERY,
George Charles Ensby (CONFIRMED) George Charles Ensby Private No2 Coy 12th battalion, Royal Fusiliers killed 31 July 1917 son of George Ensby (brick maker?) 10 Rigby’s Cottage Dawley Hayes Ypres Menin Gate Memorial


G.Gates (CONFIRMED) George Gates age 30 Son of Mary Ann Gates, of Walnut Tree Cottage, Yeading, Hayes End, Middlesex. 2nd Bat Middlesex Reg 31/07/1917 - Ypers Menim Gate memorial

B.St J. Glanfield (Not found)

H.Gohm (CONFIMED)
Private Henry Gohm 4th battalion Royal Fusiliers died 25/09/1915 Sanctuary Wood cemetery

T.W. Gregory (CONFIRMED)
Thomas williamage 26 Son of Thomas and Sarah Gregory, of 16, Angel Lane, Hayes End, Middx.C" Coy. 7th Bn.Royal Fusiliers died 06/02/1917 Thiepval cemetery

F.D. Gregory (CONFIRMED)
Corporal Frederick David Gregory age 30 Husband of Ida May Gregory, of 37, Rosedale Avenue, Hayes End, Hayes, Middx. 2nd Batallion Grenadier Guards 31/07/1917 Artillery wood

A. Gray

C Gye (CONFIRMED)
Charles Gye 1st Royal Fusiliers Son of Robert and Caroline Gye, of 33, Rosedale Avenue, Hayes, Middlesex 17/11/1915


F.Halford (Possible match)
Private F. Halford 4th middx reg 23/08/1914 St Symphorien Military ?????

S. Hambridge (Possible Match)
Sidney John Hambridge 2nd bat Grenadier Guards Grenadier Guards24/05/1918 ??????

G. Hammond (CONFIRMED)
Private George age 22 Son of Mr. G. Hammond, of 4, Melior Cottages, Yeading Lane, Hayes, Middx. 8th Bat Middx Reg died 19/05/1917 1st/ Aaras

J.W. Hart (not found)

A. Hawkins (Not found)

A. Haynes (not found)

F.A. Hewens (CONFIRMED)
Lieutenant F.A. Hewens 16/07/1918 RAF buried St Mary's Hayes

A. Higgs (CONFIRMED)
Arthur HiggsS on of Mrs. J. Higgs, of 4, White Row, Yeading, Hayes, Middx. 2nd bat Royal Fusiliers died 01/07/1916 Hawthorn ridge

A.W. Higgs (Possible match)
Albert William Higgs 2nd Battalion Middlesex Regiment 24/04/1918 ?? 90% sure

E. Higgins (CONFIRMED)
E. Higgins 32 Son of Mr. E. Higgins, of 7, Pillions Cottages, Hayes End Rd., Hayes, Middx. bat Royal Fusiliers died 19/06/1917 DICKEBUSCH NEW MILITARY CEMETERY

A. Howard (not found0

G.F. Hunnisett (CONFIRMED)
Private Frederick George Hunnisett "Sunnyside", Yeading, Hayes, Middx. 01/04/1918 Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars - Pozieres Memorial

W.E. Hunt (Possible match)
Son of Henry James and Elisabeth Sarah Hunt, of 12, Elthorne Park Rd., Hanwell. Born at Hanwell. Air Mechanic 2nd Class RAF 06/04/1918 Hanwell cemetery ??

E. Jermie (Jermy) (CONFIRMED)
Lance Corporal Ernest William Jermy age 21 son of William and Annie Maria Jermy of 3 Brown's Cottage, Hayes End, Middx 1st Battalion Royal Fusiliers died 25/03/1918 Pozieres Memorial

M.R. Johnson (Possible Match)
Mark Robert Johnson aged 20 Private Royal Berkshire Regiment killed 05/04/1918

F. Joyce (not found)

A. Knight (CONFIRMED)
Private Albert Alfred Knight age 22 Son of mrs Alice Clark 61 Albert Road, Yiewsley, Middx 1st/8th Bat Middlesex Reg died 30/04/1915 Ypres cemetary

G. Langley (CONFIRMED)
Lance Cororal George Langley 21,Son of James and Ada Langley, of 19 Mellor Cottages, Yeading, Middx. 1/8th Bat Middlesex Regiment 16/08/1917 Tyne Cot cemetery


H. Langley (CONFIRMED)
Private Harry Langley age 27 Son of James and Ada Langley, of 19, Melior Cottages, Yeading, Hayes, Middx. 17th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment died 28/04/1917 Aaras cemetery

W. Leather (CONFIRMED)
Private 205341 James Leather aged 25 son of Mr G Leather 5 Rosedale Avenue, Hayes Private Devonshire Regiment 13 Works Battalion buried St Mary’s , Hayes


A. Lovett (CONFIRMED) Private Arthur Samuel Lovett aged 19 1st east Surrey regiment Son of Arthur George and Ada Lovett, of 35, Clayton Rd., Hayes, Middx. 24/09/1916 Thieva

F. Merchant (Possible Match)
F.T. Merchant Rifelman London Regiment (Post office Rifles) Warlencourt British Cemetary

B. Matthews (Possible Match)
Percy Matthews aged 32 killed 12/10/1916 Private Essex Regiment 1st Battalion, Husband of Mary Matthews 4, Third Avenue, Hayes, Middx. Thiepval

G.F. Mattingley (CONFIRMED)
George Francis Mattingley, age 25 , Son of James and Annie Mattingley, of Yeading, Hayes, Middx Yeading. 20 Bat Kings Royal Rifles16/07/1916

G.W. Meads (Not found)

W.H. New (CONFIRMED)
William Henry New aged 18 Private 70693 Royal Fusiliers 5th Battallion Son of Henry John Edward & Elizabeth New 6 Drenon Square (William Henry New was Born Kentish Town) buried St Marys. Hayes

E.C. Nice (Possible Match)
Edward Charles Albert Nice aged 20 Nice10th Bat Essex Regiment 26/09/1916 Thiepval ???

A. Norwood (CONFIRMED)
Corporal Alfred Norwood age 40 Son of Charlie and Helen Norwood, of 17, Cowley Mill Rd., Uxbridge; husband of Emily Norwood, of 18, New Windsor St., Uxbridge, Middx. 12th bat Royal Fusiliers 15/06/1917 Ypes

W. Palmer (Not found)
(Might be William Plamer - Candaian son of Henry Palmer

A. Penn (not found)

R.C. Pickering  (CONFIRMED) Private Robert Cecil Pickering aged 25 Machine Gun Corps 65th Company killed 18/09/1918 son of John & Edith Pickering Doiran-Agny, Hayes buried Doiran


W,H. Pomeroy (Possible Match)

12 Bat Suffolk Regiment 05/05/1917 ?????

H. Powell (CONFIRMED)
Lance Corporal Harry Powell age 31 son of Stephen William and Ellen Powell of 5 Mill's Cottages, Wood End Green, Hayes End. Middx died 15/10/1918 Duhallow ADS cemetery

H.M. Prince (Not found)

E. Rayner (CONFIRMED)
Private Eric Norman Rayner age 24 Son of Mrs M Rayner of 35 Angel Lane, Hayes End, Middlesex 13th Battalion Royal Fusiliers 5/10/1917 Tyne Cot Cemetery

W. Rayner (Not found)

W, Redden (Possible Match)
George Redden ?? Rifelman London Regiment  1st/17thBatt 571231 15/09/1916

T. Renton (Not found)

W. Richardson (Not found)

F. Sadler (POSSIBLE MATCH)
Frederick Frederick John Sadler, 2nd Middlesex Reg ,Thiepval 01/07/1916 ????

T. Salter (CONFIRMED)
Private Thomas Henry Salter age 19 Son of Silas and Emma Salter, of 1, Park Lane, Hayes End, Middx. Royal Fusiliers 02/10/1915 Loos

W. Sargood (Possible Match)
Hugh Frank Sargood, 16th Bat  Middx Regiment Second Lieutenant killed 10/05/1917 Arras

C. Sherwood (Not found)

C.Sherwood (CONFIRMED)
Private Charles William Sherwood 8th Battalion Royal FusiliersSon of Emma Sherwood, of 8, Town Field Rd., Hayes, and the late Thomas Sherwood; husband of Maud Elizabeth Sherwood, of 1, Grainges Yard, Uxbridge, Middx age 35 05/10/1916 Thiepval


J. Smith (Not found)

H. Stacey (Possible Match)
Herbert Walter Stacey, Sergeant RAF aged 35 03/02/1919 Longuenesse (St Omer) wife Ethel Grace 1 Rolls court Avenue, Herne Hill

A. J. Stonestreet (Possible Match)
Private Alfred John Stonestreet age 22 Son of Benjamin John and Sarah Emily Stonestreet, of Myrtle Cottage, High Rd., Southall, Middx.13th Kensington Bn, London Reg. died 01/07/1916 Couin British cemetary

W. Sullivan (CONFIRMED)
William Sullivan aged 20 Middlesex Regiment 2 Battalion 01/07/1916 son of Mr & Mrs A.J. Higgs, 1 Meilor Cottages, Yeading, Middx Thiepval memorial 12d and 13 b

W. Syred Lance (CONFIRMED)
Corporal William Arthur Syred Son of the late William Arthur Syred and of Betsy Witherly (formerly Syred), of 33, Blyth Rd., Hayes, Middx. 25/09/1915 Ypres 5th Bat Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry

W.C. Tapping (Possible Match)
William George Tapping, Rifleman, London Regiment, Queen Victoria Rifles KIA 01/07/1916 aged 26 son of William Thomas & Sarah Tapping School Green Shinfield, Bucks - Thierpal

W.H. Taylor (Not found)

A. Tripp (Possible Match)
Albert Tripp, Rifleman Rifle Brigade 16/12/1914 Ploegsteert ?????

W.T. Turner (Not Found)

H.A. Turner (CONFIRMED)

Henry Albert Turner, aged 35 Husband of Florence Fearnley Turner, of "Claverley," Cromwell Rd., Hayes End, Middx. Born at Hayes End. 6th Battalion Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) died 09/04/1918BOUZINCOURT RIDGE


H. Tyrell (Possible match)

P. Tyrell (Possible match)
Percy John Tyrell, Rifle Brigade  9th Battalion, KIA 29/08/1916 Thiepiral


W. Vaughan.(Possible Match)
William Vaughan , Royal Fusiliers  28/06/1915 Helles

J. Watts (not found)

G. West (not found)

W.T. Williams (Not found)
ALSO

The Palmer Brothers from Hayes (sons of Hayes Labour Party founder and Councillor Henry Palmer) They died fighting in the Canadian Army.

William Alfred Palmer, Eastern Ontario Reg (Killed 26 th April 1916 buried Woods Cemetery, Belgium).

Lieutenant Henry Arthur Palmer, Central Ontario Reg (killed 30th September 1918 buried Cantimpre Canadian
Cemetery, Nord France)





LEONARD SPENCER - UXBRIDGE ILP SECRETARY

L "Leonard" W. Spencer was born in Guildford 29th July 1889, educated at Collegete School at Reading, He was the son of Mr. T. B. Spencer, of 66, Kidmore Road, Caversham, Reading.

Aged just 17, he left home to open a business in Uxbridge, living later at Belmont Road, Uxbridge. Leonard Spencer went on to helped establish and became the first secretary of the Uxbridge Chamber of Commerce, while also participating in the establishment of a local parliament (debating society).

As an early motor cyclist enthusiast he was reported to be the first person to have ever successfully motorcycle up Snowdon, he also toured Norway and Iceland as a young man.

Spencer had been a keen supporter of Mr Edmund Dene Morel (later Labour MP for Dundee and married to Mary Richardson) agitation over the brutal rule of King Leopold in the Belgium Congo (Now the Democratic republic of Congo).

Spencer became a Christian Socialist believing "that there was no incompatibility but rather the fullest harmony between Christianity and socialism".

He went on to become the founding Secretary of the Uxbridge Independent Labour Party (ILP) and in 1910 he had been elected to Uxbridge Council as a Labour candidate along with Edwin Westcott. While on the council he was involved in the plan to build some of the first Uxbridge Council houses and it was stated that these "were definitely a monument to the energies and the eloquence of Mr Spencer".

When World War 1 broke he considered it his Christain duty to serve and he was one of the first to enlist as a Cyclist Orderly in the (London Cycling Regiment) later 13th Kensington Battalion in order to defend the sovereignty of "little countries overseas".

He wrote home stating "he would not come home for the world until victory was won" and encouraging others to follow him and enlist.

At Ypres, during the Battle of Neuve Chapel during March and April 1915, A battle which represented the first large scale organised attack undertaken by the British army during the war. Spencer's Battalion took major losses, he underwent a terrible ordeal, suffering from hunger, thirst and sleepless nights. He only took off his clothes to wash and slept every night with his motorcycle by his side (probably providing a vital courier service). He served without respite for seven months.

The Regimental History of the Kensington's Regiment describes their experiences during Neuve Chapelle. C Company was involved on the first day, and advanced at 9 a.m. to the village cemetery, where they had to take cover amidst churned-up graves. On the 12th of March, their C.O. (Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis) noted that by 12.25 p.m. the German bombardment of their positions (in the old front line) was "Perfect Hell".

It seems that this "perfect hell" had finally undermined Leonard Spencer's fundamental Christian beliefs, it was stated later that he had rediscovered his beliefs before his untimely death, shot through the head by a German snipper on the 1st September 1915.

Private (and Comrade) L.W. Spencer is buried at Longuenesse St Omer, France.



SPENCER L W
United Kingdom Private 2024London Regiment01/09/1915 Age: 26 II. A. 23.

REMEMBER NURSING SISTER - ADDIE TUPPER
Canadian Nursing Sister buried at Uxbridge (Hillingdon)


Nursing Sister: Adrienna or Adruenna “Addie” Allen Tupper
Canadian Army Medical Corps
Born Yarmouth Nova Scotia 13th October 1870
Daughter of Mrs Mary E Trefry of Bridgend, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Addie Tupper from Bridgewater Nova Scotia
Enlisted Quebec

UPPER, Addie Allen (Adruenna), Royal Red Cross (RRC
Graduated General Hospital Concord, New Haven
  No. 2 General Hospital, Le Treport, France
Died of illness 9th December1916 aged 46

Remer also






Remember

Yiewsley's 19 year old sailor lost at the Battle of Jutland 1916 WW1

Able Seaman: Henry James Fox
Aged 19, Son of Henry and Jane Fox 20 Horton Road, Yiewsley, Middx

Died 31/05/1916 (Battle of Jutland) HMS Queen Mary, 

Plymouth Naval Memorial


Yiewsley 18 year old Sailor killed Cromarty Firth 1915 WW1

Ordinary Seaman: Charles Henry Axten

Aged 18 Son of Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Axten, of 1, Ivy Cottage, Falling Lane, Yiewsley, Middx.


Died 30/12/1915 Sunk HMS Natal, Cromarty Firth

Chatham Naval Memorial